This article [written by Ivica Klinac, Anita Pesa, Berislav Bolfek ] – published in Business and Economic Horizons, Volume 15(1), 2019.
Title: Influence of regulatory capital requirements on the self-financing capacity of a banking company
Abstract: This paper explores activities of the banking companies in the new regulatory environment of the European banking system. For this purpose, the dynamic panel data models are estimated by utilizing the system GMM estimator. The research sample consists of 35 publicly listed groups of banks operating in the period from 2000 to 2016, selected by size of assets. The chosen banking companies are unquestionably market makers on the bank-centric economy of the EU. Hence, the research is in line with other current empirical works regarding the post-Basel III Standard adjustment of the banking industry as a whole. The model results show that the required increase in capital position affects the lack of bank credit activity towards the non-financial sector. The banks can maintain the higher regulatory capital ratio and self-finance the required growth by increasing the volume of share capital. Asymmetric information about the bank’s net worth discourage public investors to get into the shareholders position, which results in further bank lending constraints and reduced profitability. Potential growth of the revenue from non-credit risk operations cannot compensate for the negative pressure on the real value of the banking firm. From the policy-making perspective, the paper concludes that the resolution of structural problems of non-performing credit assets under new regulatory conditions should contribute to restoring the confidence of the investment public towards the self-financing capacity of the banking industry as well as bring the banking system back to the traditional client-oriented business model.
Keywords: Return on equity, capital requirements, credit assets, dynamic panel models
Citation: Klinac, Ivica., Pesa, Anita., Bolfek, Berislav. Influence of regulatory capital requirements on the self-financing capacity of a banking company. Business and Economic Horizons, Vol.15, Issue1, pp.70-89. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15208/beh.2019.5
This article [written by Talla Aldeehani] – published in Business and Economic Horizons, Volume 15(1), 2019.
Title: Dividend policy as a multi-purpose mechanism; the case of conventional and Islamic banks before and after the 2008 crisis
Abstract: Dividend policy and its association to firm value is still a concern for researchers. Empirical research provided evidence that it is relevant in various forms including signaling, pecking order, and agency. The aim of this study is to investigate the dividend policy of Islamic banks versus conventional banks in response to a major financial crisis. By studying the mixed banking industry of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, known for negligible taxation systems, we provide evidence that conventional and Islamic banks use dividend payouts as a multi-purpose mechanism. At times of economic prosperity, conventional banks use them as signaling and pecking-order instruments, while it is used as an agency problem protection instrument during downturns. For Islamic banks, however, dividend policy is a pecking order mechanism before and after the crisis. Discussions on theoretical and empirical implications are provided.
Keywords: Dividend policy, Islamic banks, financial crisis
Citation: Aldeehani, T. M. (2019). Dividend policy as a multi-purpose mechanism; the case of conventional and Islamic banks before and after the 2008 crisis. Business and Economic Horizons, 15(1), 37-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.15208/beh.2019.3
This article [written by Alice Reissova, Jana Simsova] – published in Business and Economic Horizons, Volume 15(1), 2019.
Title: The value of education in the labour market. How realistic are student expectations?
Abstract: The study deals with student expectations associated with their placement in the labour market. In total, 437 students of the third and fourth grades of grammar schools and secondary schools teaching business and technical fields of study were interviewed as well as 257 potential employers of these students. The objective was to identify whether students appreciate the link between education and salary, whether salary expectations of students are realistic, and last but not least, whether such expectations differ in terms of gender. It was established that students appreciate the link between the level of education and the amount of gross salary, but only if they were employed. If they started their own business, they expect their income to be higher than if they were employed, regardless of their highest completed education. It was interesting to find out that students cannot see any links between future salary and what type of secondary school they study (technical schools, business schools or grammar schools). The key finding of the essay is the fact established using Friedman´s ANOVA and Kendall´s coefficient of concordance, i.e., that the salary expectations of students are higher than the realistic offer of employers, both in terms of salary after secondary school and that after university. There are statistically significant differences between boys and girls – boys expect a higher initial gross salary, both after secondary school and university. Salary expectations are the same concerning gender only in the event they would choose to start their own business.
Keywords: Expected salary, offered salary, educational level, gender differences
Citation:Reissová, A., Šimsová, J. (2019). The value of education in the labour market. How realistic are student expectations? Business and Economic Horizons, 15(1), 20-36.
This article [written by Emrah Gulay] – published in Business and Economic Horizons, Volume 15(1), 2019.
Title: The nexus prevalent in nonlinear finance and growth in the presence of macroeconomic instability in Turkey: Does the stock market really matter?
Abstract: The link between stock market and economic development has become a significant volatile issue over the past few years. Our major contribution in the debate concerning the nexus between finance and growth is to bring to the fore the asymmetric effects of stock market development on economic growth under macroeconomic instability. Hence, towards this purpose, the stock market development index and the macroeconomic instability index, which are both constructed by incorporating the exchange rate and unemployment rate, are built based on principal component analysis. Utilizing the nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag model (NARDL) within the framework of a time series approach, we provide evidence that there is an asymmetric relationship between economic growth and the development of the stock market in Turkey.
Keywords: Financial development, stock market, economic growth, macroeconomic instability, nonlinear ARDL model
Citation: Gulay, E. (2019). The nexus prevalent in nonlinear finance and growth in the presence of macroeconomic instability in Turkey: Does the stock market really matter? Business and Economic Horizons, 15(1), 1-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.15208/beh.2019.1