BEH guide to authors

BEH guide to authors

General notes

  • Business and Economic Horizons (BEH) accepts only the papers in the English language.
  • Article previously published, those under consideration by another journal, and those with a pre-existing copyright may not be submitted. Authors must ensure that at least half of the paper contents or core idea has not been published anywhere else. In other words, authors should prove the considerable adjustment made and value added in their submissions.
  • Neither the Editorial Board nor PRADEC pays for unsolicited materials. The Editorial Board reserves the right to minor editorial corrections like abbreviations or changes in titles and sub-titles.
  • Any requests to add or to remove a co-author, to rearrange the co-author names must be sent to BEH by the Corresponding Author before the final acceptance by the Editorial Board.The eventual request must contain the explanation of the request together with the scanned confirmation signed by all of the co-authors.

Publication ethics

  • Editors of Business and Economic Horizons (BEH) are committed to the highest standards of ethics in academic research and publishing. Ethical conduct in both writing and editing is necessary in order to provide the readers with accurate, useful and reliable scientific material, as well as to appropriately honor the credits of particular researchers and authors. Therefore, compliance with the following standards of publication ethics is required of all contributors of BEH, including authors, reviewers and editors. Violation of any of these standards by an author is a basis for rejection of his or her paper submitted for publication.
  • We recommend authors to carefully read the detailed description of the publication ethics, covering such sections as "Authorship and Co-authorship", "Quality of Published Work", "Reviewing and Editing". This information can be navigated on the journal page central menu [PUBLICATION ETHICS].

Peer review procedures

  • The corresponding author fills in the Online Submission form.
  • The BEH Editorial Board recognises the phenomena of "ghostwriting" and "guest authorship" as the serious scientific misconduct. Moreover, the eventual financial support of any research institution or other entity to the paper creation needed to be revealed in the article acknowledgments "financial disclosure". Therefore the Corresponding author must fill in and sign the Declaration of contribution (in case there are two authors or more) which should be submitted together with manuscript using the Online Submission form. All detected cases of scientific misconduct will be documented and the appropriate institutions and entities will be notified.
  • Ghostwriting - a substantial contribution to publication has been made, without revealing author’s participation, or without being mentioned in the acknowledgments enclosed in the paper. Guest authorship (honorary authorship) - the author's contribution is insignificant, despite of declaration.
  • The Editorial Board members make the initial screening of the submissions and inform the authors if the papers are suitable for the journals. After this initial acceptance, the reviewing process starts.
  • All of the contributions of the BEH are subject to a double-blind peer-review, which means that neither the author(s) nor the reviewers know the identity of the other. The list of reviewers is published on the BEH website once a year, without assigning the reviewers names to a particular article.
  • Every submitted paper is reviewed by at least two independent reviewers (outside of the authors' affiliated entity. Additionally, at least one of the reviewers is affiliated with a foreign institution relative to the nationality of the author(s). The reviews are in written form and contain a clear referees' statements concerning paper's publishing approval or its rejection
  • In case of minor revisions, the article is sent to the author(s) together with a referees opinions. The authors are asked to respond the referees' comments and make the appropriate adjustments in the text. Then, the authors send back the corrected version.
  • The Editorial Board makes the final decision on publication.
To sum up:
  • Step 1: Submission of one or two files using the Online Submission: a typescript and the Declaration of Contribution (if relevant).
  • Step 2: The initial screening by the Editorial Board.
  • Step 3: The double-blind review by at least two independent referees.
  • Step 4: The response to the reviews and eventual article corrections made by author(s)
  • Step 5: The final decision of Editorial Board

Sample article

  • Please read the following guidelines  and use the sample article format for submission of your paper since only articles formatted accordingly may be accepted.


  • Articles must be written in English.


  • Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations.

Author names and affiliations

  • Full names should be provided. Please indicate  affiliations of the author. Indicate  the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the Author's name and in front of the appropriate address.


  • Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.


  • A concise abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research and the main results. An abstract must be presented in English and separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.

Classification codes and keywords

  • Provide at least one standard JEL code  and up to 5 additional keywords.


  • Graphics should be done in MS Word and must be editable.


  • Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals and printed on separate sheets. Any manuscript which does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication.


  • The use of footnotes should be kept to a minimum and numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals.


  • Please refer to APA 6th citation style. While preparing your submission in MS Word we also strongly encourage to use the Citations & Bibliography tools. Link 1   Link 2
  • The following websites may be also usefull while preparing the APA 6th style references:,
The example references
Article from journals:
  • Abdellaoui, M., Attema, A. E., & Bleichrodt, H. (2009). Intertemporal Tradeoffs for Gains and Losses: An Experimental Measurement of Discounted Utility. The Economic Journal,120(545), 845-866. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0297.2009.02308.
  • Elton, E. J., Gruber, M. J., Brown, S. J., & Goetzmann, W. N. (2009). Modern Portfolio Theory and Investment Analysis (8th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Book chapter:
  • Chłoń-Domińczak, A., Franco, D., & Palmer, E. (2012). The First Wave of NDC Reforms: The Experiences of Italy, Latvia, Poland,and Sweden. In R. Holzmann, E. Palmer, & D. Robalino, Nonfinancial Defined Contribution Pension Schemes in a Changing Pension World: Volume 1. Progress, Lessons, and Implementation (pp. 31-84). Washington, DC: World Bank.
Conference paper:
  • Bickmann, M. (2016). Factor Mobility and Non-Harmonized Public Pension Systems in Europe. Paper presented in 14th International Workshop on Pensions, Insurance and Savings, Paris.
  • Fernandes, J. L. (2007). Risk Taking in Financial Markets: Behavioral Perspective Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from
  • Markoff, J. (2016, May 17). Want to Buy a Self-Driving Car? Big-Rig Trucks May Come First. The New York Times. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from Day&module=RelatedCoverage®ion=EndOfArticle&pgtype=article
  • Galouchko, K., & Kucukreisoglu, L. (2016, October 18). Poland Seeks to Lock in Low Yields Selling 30-Year Eurobond. Retrieved March 25, 2017, from
Working paper:
  • Debowicz, D., Saporiti, A., & Wang, Y. (2016). Redistributive Politics, Power Sharing and Fairness (LIS Working Paper Series , Working paper No. 681). Luxembourg Income Study

Submission fee payment

  • Standard submission & service fee established for the 2019 year open-access publications is 375 Euro.
  • The fee is subject to change considering the publisher occurring costs for sustaining and improving the open-access business model, as well as counting competitive publishing environment demanding to keep the high quality of international publication services. Changes in pricing happen only once per year, usually in the January-February.
  • The fee is due to pay only after accepting the paper by Editorial Boards and positive expertise review.
  • It is obligation and responsibility of an author to check the fee conditions to avoid the fee policy discussions after acceptance the article. Authors are responsible to read and accept fee (375 euro) payment obligations of the targeted journal. The website has clear information about publication fees and payment terms. When paper accepted and published the author is obliged to fulfill his/ her fee payment obligations in the shortest time after the invoice issued.
  • The fee provides compensation for a range services related to expertise, scientific and technical editing, online printing, electronic storing and web-managing. All papers are printed online (with corresponding online ISSN).

Payments options

  • You will receive an invoice with several payment methods you can choose after the letter of acceptance. We use the standard bank payments, PayPal payments, card payments (when


  • Payments must be done only after the final letter of acceptance of a paper for publication.

Electronic submission

  • Papers must be submitted electronically using Online Submission (preferred) or to the emails: For any further information please contact us.

Retraction or/and withdrawing of reviewed and published articles

  • The peer-reviewed and published articles cannot be retracted or withdrawn. If the article was officially submitted and accepted by editors after screening and reviewing, the withdrawal and retraction are not possible.  Accepted articles assume that our experts and reviewers could not identify problems with merits of a submitted article. After the positive initial screening and double-blind reviewing, every article is assigned to DOI.
  • However, editors do understand satisfaction concerns of an author and usually ask for describing the problem for further reviewer's examination and discussion. So, the one possible option is that it can be possible to make changes within the reasonable shortest time after online publication.  Another option, an author can write another article which should provide the follow-up review of errors/mistakes in a theoretical research or empirical model in the previously published article.
  • For more details please read terms and conditions which you officially accept when you send your articles to the editors' emails. It is a responsibility of an author to read instruction, conditions, and terms before the submission of an article.  These terms make retraction or removal impossible. Only editors and publisher make decisions after receiving the article regarding rejection, further update or publishing.
  • Information regarding the retraction and withdrawal conditions are available in the following sections of the core official page of the journal: - the section "Publication ethics"; the section  "Terms and Conditions"; the section "Guide to Authors".